The Law


This interactive diagram serves to identify the principles, objectives and instruments defined by Uruguayan law 19.712, in order to compose a scheme of evaluation and monitoring of cannabis regulation.

Principles
Objectives
Instruments

Principles:

Both the objectives and the instruments of the law are framed by principles that define the approeach of the cannabis regulation policy in Uruguay.

 

Public Health

 

The regulation of cannabis is a tool that seeks to protect, promote and improve public health of the population through a policy focused on minimizing risks and reducing damage arising from its use; promoting proper information, education and prevention of the detrimental effects of consumption, as well as the treatment, rehabilitation and social reintegration of problematic drug users.

Source:
Law  No 19172, Art. 1..

 

Humans Rights

 

Everyone has equal right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health, to the enjoyment of public spaces safely, to the best conditions of coexistence and the exercise of freedom and privacy enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic, as long as they do not to attack public order or damage others. These rights are indivisible, interdependent, complementary and not ranked in order.

 

Source:
Law  No 19172, Art. 3.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Constitution of the Republic of Uruguay, Art. 10.

Objectives:

The objectives  refer to states to be achieved through the instruments defined by the law, within the general framework of its principles.

 

Health

 

To promote the health of cannabis users through education policies, specialized treatment and reintegration into society. To generate health benefits associated with quality control and potency of the cannabis consumed in the country, and the spaces and conditions of use. To ensure access to cannabis for therapeutic and medicinal use.

 

Source:
Law No 19172

More information:
Document on Dimensions
Indicators Chart

 

Violence

 

The law regulating cannabis represents a search for alternatives to responding to the illegitimate violence of crime with more irrational violence from the state. The regulation aims to reduce drug traffic violence by removing cannabis from the illegal circuit.

 

Source:
Estrategia por la vida y la convivencia (Strategy for Life and Coexistence)
Law No 19172

More information:
Documents on dimensions
Indicators Chart

 

Justice

 

Heavy-handed policies have proven to be inefficient and with a clear tendency to become “heavy and unfair hand” policies. Cannabis regulation promotes fair law enforcement, eliminating previous legal uncertainties, according to which substance consumption was not punished while they the procedures to procure substances were punished.

 

Source:
Estrategia por la vida y la convivencia (Strategy for Life and Coexistence)
Law No 19172

More information:
Documents on dimensions
Indicators Chart

Instruments:

The instruments are public policy tools employed to achieve the objectives defined by the law, in consistency with its principles.

 

State regulation of the cannabis market

 

The cannabis market regulation is the main public policy instrument  created to contribute to the objectives set by Law No 19172. It defines the types of use covered legal framework (recreational, medical, industrial and scientific)  and provides for three state-controlled forms of access to the substance: domestic cultivation for personal use, social cannabis clubs and purchase through pharmacies.

 

Source:
Law No 19172, Title 1

More information:
Implementation Timeline
Description of the instrument

 

Educating, raising awareness and preventing drug consumption

 

Education and prevention of drug use is one of the pillars of the health approach of the new regulation in Uruguay. According to the strategic guidelines of the National Drug Board, the aim is to raise awareness of the risks of substance consumption by“implementing and deepening prevention programs: education in the field of formal and non-formal education, family and employment, with particular relevance of the territorial and community level, facilitating user participation”.

No specific programs have been created by cannabis regulation. What has been done is adjust programs already provided for in the strategy of the National Drug Board , with emphasis on adaptation to the new legal framework.

 

Source:
Law  No 19172, Title 2
Strategy for evaluating results and monitoring the implementation of law No 19172.

More information:
Description of the instrument
Implemented programs

 

Treatment, rehabilitation and social reintegration of problematic drug users

 

The availability of treatments for drug use is one of the pillars of the new approach of the policy. In Uruguay, this type of service is not built even within the statutory benefits for health providers of the National Integrated Health System (SNIS). SNIS does include as goal that all health care providers offer: a hotline for drug users; hospitalization services for cases of acute poisoning, separated from the hospitalization for mental health disorders; a multidisciplinary team specializing in substance use.

The available care network has been built at the behest of the National Drug Broad and is organized around levels of care and not by substance. This is a factor to be taken into account in the evaluation, since there are no other specific treatment policies for marijuana than the existing ones (which are generic for drug users) in each of the 3 levels of care of the network.

 

Source:
Law  No 19172, Title 2
Strategy for evaluating results and monitoring the implementation of law No 19172

 

More information:
Description of the instrument

 

Police action for the repression of illicit drug trafficking

 

In addition to the  legal cannabis market control tasks carried out by IRCCA, combating drug trafficking, as well as control and suppression of illegal drugs, will remain as functions that the Uruguayan State, and the Ministry of the Interior in particular, will perform in accordance with the provisions of Decree Law No 14290 and Drugs Law No 17106.

 

Source:
Law  No 19172, Title 5
Decree Law 14290
Law No 17106

More information:
Description of the instrument